Content and Context (part 3) – Historical Books cont.

This week, we have the entire history of Israel’s monarchy—from the first grumblings for a king such as all the other nations have (1 Sam 8:5) to the exile, with some repetition thrown in for good measure. These were originally single books (not 1st and 2nd), which explains the naming.  There are so many great stories and examples (both positive and negative) here!

Take one book a week or one a day and help your children learn not just the order of the books in the Bible but something of their content and historical context.

HISTORICAL BOOKS (cont.)

1 Samuel

  • About: Samuel, Saul, and David

    008-david-jonathan
    David & Jonathan (c) FreeBibleImages.org
  • God uses a priest to establish the Israelite monarchy, which becomes the lineage of Jesus.
  • Big stories: Hannah, Saul v/s David, David & Jonathan
  • Author: unknown
  • Time: after Judges
  • “The Lord does not look at the things people look at. People look at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.” 1 Samuel 16:7b

2 Samuel

  • About: reign of King David
  • God establishes David’s kingship through many challenges.
  • Big stories: David becomes king, Bathsheba, Tamar, Absalom’s conspiracy
  • Author: unknown (same as 1 Samuel)
  • Time: immediately after 1 Samuel
  • “The God of Israel spoke, the Rock of Israel said to me: ‘When one rules over people in righteousness, when he rules in the fear of God, he is like the light of morning at sunrise on a cloudless morning, like the brightness after rain that brings grass from the earth.’” 2 Samuel 23:3-4

1 Kings

(c) FreeBibleImages.org
Solomon’s Temple (c) FreeBibleImages.org
  • About: King Solomon, divided kingdom, Elijah
  • God blesses Solomon, but later kings squander those blessings despite prophetic warnings.
  • Big stories: Solomon asks for wisdom, building the temple, Elijah & prophets of Ba’al
  • Author: unknown
  • Time: immediately after 2 Samuel (starts at the end of David’s reign)
  • “God gave Solomon wisdom and very great insight, and a breadth of understanding as measureless as the sand on the seashore.” 1 Kings 4:29

2 Kings

Elijah taken in a chariot of fire  (c) FreeBibleImages.org
Elijah taken in a chariot of fire
(c) FreeBibleImages.org
  • About: Elisha, exile
  • Prophets warn of judgment by exile but most kings refuse to heed God.
  • Big stories: Elijah’s chariot of fire, King Josiah renews the covenant
  • Author: unknown (same as 1 Kings)
  • Time: immediately after 1 Kings through Judah’s capture
  • “The Lord warned Israel and Judah through all his prophets and seers: ‘Turn from your evil ways….’ But they would not listen and were as stiff-necked as their ancestors, who did not trust in the Lord their God.” 2 Kings 17:13-14

1 Chronicles

  • About: blood lines, King David
  • God chooses David, who rises to power as a military ruler and prepares for building the temple.
  • Big stories: 1/3 of the book is genealogy; David’s military prowess, heart for God, and collection of temple materials
  • Author: possibly Ezra
  • Time: from Adam through the death of King David
  • “What more can David say to you for honoring your servant? For you know your servant, Lord. For the sake of your servant and according to your will, you have done this great thing and made known all these great promises.” 1 Chronicles 17:18-19

2 Chronicles

  • About: King Solomon, other kings of Judah
  • Solomon’s wisdom and power were soon forgotten as the kingdom fractured, leaving Judah with a series of kings—some good, some evil.
  • Big stories: building the temple, Solomon’s wisdom, schism and exile
  • Author: possibly Ezra
  • Time: King Solomon through going into exile
  • “The Lord, the God of their ancestors, sent word to them through his messengers again and again, because he had pity on his people and on his dwelling place. But they mocked God’s messengers, despised his words and scoffed at his prophets until the wrath of the Lord was aroused against his people and there was no remedy.” 2 Chronicles 36:15-16
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