Content and Context (part 4) – Historical Books cont. & Wisdom Literature

Have you ever tried to summarize the Psalms in one sentence? That’s a doozy! I made an attempt below as we continue our content and context chart for the Books of the Bible. (Find the first post, with explanation, *here*.)

I would still like to hear about some well-done resources for helping our children learn the Bible.  Take a minute to comment if you know of something helpful.

HISTORICAL BOOKS (cont.)

Ezra

  • About: rebuilding the temple
  • God uses pagan kings and exiles to maintain His name and His place.
  • Big stories: exiles return to Jerusalem, temple is rebuilt, Ezra goes to Jerusalem and leads the people
  • Author: probably Ezra (a priest and teacher)
  • Time: about 50 years after Judah went into exile
  • “Let the temple be rebuilt as a place to present sacrifices. … Also, the gold and silver articles of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar took from the temple in Jerusalem and brought to Babylon, are to be returned to their places in the temple in Jerusalem.” Ezra 6:3-5

Nehemiah

From that point on half the men did the work while the other half stood guard with swords, spears, bows and amour. Those who were building also carried weapons. – Slide 11

half worked while half stood guard                      (c) freebibleimages.org
  • About: rebuilding the wall
  • God helps returning Israelites rebuild the wall around Jerusalem despite fierce opposition and their own sinfulness.
  • Big stories: Nehemiah asks permission to go to Jerusalem, opposition and discouragement delay the rebuilding of the wall
  • Author: possibly Ezra
  • Time: contemporary with Ezra but slightly later
  • “When all our enemies heard about this [rebuilding], all the surrounding nations were afraid and lost their self-confidence, because they realized that this work had been done with the help of our God.” Nehemiah 6:16

Esther

  • About: rebuilding the people’s faith (notice the theme in these three books?)
  • God delivers His people through the courage of one faithful woman.
  • Big stories: Esther pleases the king, Esther pleads for the lives of her people
  • Author: unknown
  • Time: same as Ezra
  • “For if you remain silent at this time, relief and deliverance for the Jews will arise from another place, but you and your father’s family will perish. And who knows but that you have come to your royal position for such a time as this?” Esther 4:14

WISDOM LITERATURE

Job

They sat down with him for seven days and nights, and no one said a word, because they saw how great his suffering was. – Slide 28
Job with his friends (c) freebibleimages.org
  • About: justice, suffering, Job’s faith
  • God permits Job to suffer and be tested for His glory.
  • Big stories: Job loses everything, God declares Himself to Job and his friends
  • Author: unknown
  • Time: probably contemporary with Abraham
  • Job “said: ‘Naked I came from my mother’s womb, and naked I will depart. The Lord gave and the Lord has taken away; may the name of the Lord be praised.’ In all this, Job did not sin by charging God with wrongdoing.” Job 1:21-22

Psalms

  • About: songs of prayer and praise
  • God enjoys the praise of His people; He comforts and guides us.
  • Big stories: God’s presence, the priority of His Word, praising all His attributes
  • Author: King David and others
  • Time: Moses through Solomon or later (Genesis-1 Kings)
  • “How can a young person stay on the path of purity? By living according to your word. I seek you with all my heart; do not let me stray from your commands. I have hidden your word in my heart that I might not sin against you.” Psalm 119:9-11

Proverbs

  • About: sayings of warning and advice
  • God expects younger people to heed the guidance of their elders.
  • Big stories: avoiding folly, parenting well, the noble wife
  • Author: King Solomon and others
  • Time: same as 1 Kings/2 Chronicles
  • “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge, but fools despise wisdom and instruction.” Proverbs 1:7

Ecclesiastes

  • About: finding wisdom and meaning in life
  • Life is meaningless without God as one’s ultimate source of understanding.
  • Big stories: a time for everything, pointlessness of life
  • Author: possibly King Solomon
  • Time: possibly same as 1 Kings/2 Chronicles, Proverbs
  • “Now all has been heard; here is the conclusion of the matter: Fear God and keep his commandments, for this is the duty of all mankind.” Ecclesiastes 12:13

Song of Songs (formerly Song of Solomon)

  • About: physical love between a man and woman (Yeah…I’m not putting a picture on this one!)
  • God delights in the amorous attraction of a faithful couple.
  • Big stories: interaction between lovers
  • Author: possibly King Solomon
  • Time: possibly same as 1 Kings/2 Chronicles, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes
  • “Many waters cannot quench love; rivers cannot sweep it away. If one were to give all the wealth of one’s house for love, it would be utterly scorned.” Song of Songs 8:7
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